Here are differences between Plant and Animal cell:
- Cell Wall (not found in animal cell)
- This is rigid strong outer layer that protects cell from osmosis (bursting) and supports the cell by maintaining the shape.
- In prokaryotes, it is often made out of peptidoglycan
- In eukaryotes, (fungi, plants) it is often made out of cellulose
- Flagellum (exception, found in protozoan)
- This is long microtubule structure that allows cell to move
- Also note that sperm tail is called flagellum, but this is not typical cell structure.
(Lodish et al, 2000)
- Similar to mitochondria, have two membranes: inner membrane and outer membrane.
- Inside of chloroplast is filled with thylakoid sacs (disk-like), often held in matrix (stroma) in grana stacks.
- The green pigments chlorophylls in thylakoid membranes, other pigments and enzymes are used for ATP synthesis during photosynthesis by absorbing light.
- Contains own DNA
- Vacuoles (only in plant)
- Site of storage for ions and nutrients
- Granules (only in plant)
- Site of extra starch storage
- Centrioles (only in animal cells)
- Spindle fibers are synthesized during cell division to separate chromosomes
Cell Functions. Cell Functions. (http://www.biologyjunction.com/cell_functions.htm) (accessed Feb. 2, 2017).